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Inventions to Treatment

Though they say prevention is better than cure, the current situation requires us to think about the measures that would allow mankind to fight this battle more efficiently. Silenced by this deadly pandemic, multiple industries around the globe are approaching a standstill. But amid this crisis, the Medicare facility is advancing towards a much systemic and streamlined technique in combatting the disaster. Here, we present you with the various expansions in the technical facet of medical sciences that is assisting our service providers today.

Italian medics are converting snorkelling masks into makeshift ventilator masks in order to plug the shortage of medical equipment during corona-virus outbreak.

As hospitals face an overload of COVID-19 patients struggling to breathe, innovative medical staff have used 3D printed valves to adapt ordinary full face snorkelling masks from sports stores such as Decathlon into live saving equipment. 

The idea started in Italy, the worst-hit country worst hit by coronavirus in Europe, but has now been adopted by other nations who are adding their own specific medical parts to provide critical air flow to stop patient's lungs collapsing. 

Amid fears of increasing demand for ventilators in view of the spread of coronavirus, researchers of Thanjavur's SASTRA university have developed ventilator splits which can double or quadruple the existing capacities. SASTRA University is successfully 3D printing PLA-based 2-way and 4-way ventilator splitters at their DST established TB facility. They are ready to be tested and served (once approved) in hospitals to address the current ventilator shortage.

Originally created by a robot scientist and a neurosurgeon to help India's poor, a toaster-sized ventilator is offering hope in the country's fight against the coronavirus pandemic, and demand for it is booming. The virus, at its most lethal, attacks the lungs, making ventilators - which pump air into the lungs - critical for hospitals around the world as they are swamped with COVID-19 cases. With the toll rising in India, where a nationwide lockdown is in force, production of AgVa's portable ventilator has shot up from 500 a month to 20,000.

The makers say the AgVa - which weighs just 3.5 kilos (7.7 pounds) - will help move less critical patients back to their homes as their machine is easy to transport and install, and does not need much power. In case there is a need to convert a hotel into an ICU, one can simply put this device and start working as it doesn't require other infrastructure.

In China, where the number of new COVID-19 cases is beginning to decline, Beijing-based Infervision is working with hospitals to speed up diagnosis by analysing CT scans. The start-up’s AI tool was originally designed to diagnose lung cancer from CT images. Now it’s using those images to spot COVID-19 and distinguish it from other respiratory infections. The hope is by diagnosing cases more quickly, healthcare workers can limit their exposure to the virus.

While manually reading a CT scan can take up to 15 minutes, Infervision can process the image in 10 seconds, according to an article published in The Lancet. The technology is currently being used by Tongji Hospital in Wuhan, one of the largest hospitals with a total of 4,000 beds. Sites in other cities across China are also using Infervision’s technology.

At Sheba Medical Centre in Israel, the hospital is taking care of a group of quarantined patients that were on the Diamond Princess Cruise Ship in Japan. A technology being used by Sheba Medical Center, TytoCare gives patients a number of tools for remote examinations. The start-up gives users a kit with tools to conduct a remote examination with their doctor.

For example, it includes a stethoscope that allows the physician to listen to a patient’s heart and lungs remotely, and also includes tools to send images of their ears, throat and skin.

The start-up, which has headquarters in New York and Netanya, Israel, began selling its kits at Best Buy last year. It works with more than 50 providers in the U.S. and Israel.

A team at MIT developed a ventilator that could be built with $100 dollars worth of parts - a fraction of the average $30,000 cost most machines take to manufacture. The innovative design of the machine relies upon a bag-valve resuscitator, a piece of equipment found in bulk at most hospitals to help patients breathe.

Completely submerged under the pressure to revive back to our usual functioning, the world organizations and the countries are focusing on the recovery from this pandemic. Let's do our part by staying home, thereby avoiding the further spread of this disease.

That’s it for now folks. See you soon.

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